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Hells Canyon Journal
Halfway, Oregon
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August 15, 2012     Hells Canyon Journal
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August 15, 2012
 

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Page 4 Hells Canyon Journal August 15, 2012 f kett O_ re.. A Letter from Pine Eagle's Principal i L ... shitueg:phoeprui:etli:an::dandedvie: cOP: Students, Parents and teach a Gateway To Tech- With the increased rigor pable of severely impactinga Community members: nology class. Both of these of the Essential Skills por- Knapweed: Toxic Chemicals or Biological Controls. To the Editor: In a previous Hell Canyon Journal, it was stated that cateehins in spotted knap- weed are capable of stunting or "poisoning plants growing nearby. " The statement is sci- entif!cally unsupported and misinformation. Spotted knapweed refer- ence source: http: / / www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov /, pmc /.articles / PMC26767 54 / Pdge title "The case against (-)-cat- echiri involvement in allelopa- thy o[ Centaurea stoebe (spot- ted knapweed)" "A:bstract " "Proving allelopathic chemical interference is a daunting endeavor, in that prodttction and movement of a pKytotoxin from a donor plant to a receiving plant must be demonstrated in the sub- strate in which the plants grow, which is usually a com- plex soil matrix. The soil lev- els or soil flux levels of the compound generated by the donor must be proven to be sufficient to adversely affect the @ceiving plant. Reports of (-).catechin to be the novel weapon used by Centaurea stoebe (spotted knapweed) to invade new territories are not supported by the paper fea- tured in this Addendum, nor by papers produced by two other laboratories. These pa- pers find that (-)-catechin lev- els in soil in which C. stoebe grows are orders of magni- tude below levels that cause only minor growth effects on reported sensitive species. Furthermore, the claim that (-)-catechin acts as a phyto- toxin through causing oxida- tive damage is refuted by the fact that the molecule is a strong antioxidant and is quickly degraded by extracel- lular root enzymes." When the majority of vot- ers vbted to pass the special tax for noxious "roadside" weed control, they emboldened and encouraged the bureaucratic structure. Give a bureaucrat an inch and they want to take a mile. This is an example on a micro scale of what has been hap- pening to our freedoms at all levels of government. When we give our freedoms away out of fear for some form of protection, that can't be pro- vided from terrorists or weeds, 0 we send the message to the power grabber politicians and bureaucrats that we'll con- done their intrusions in other areas of our lives.., our per- sonal property, our health, our food, our Second Amendment rights ... fill in the blank. P.S. Spotted knapweed has medicinal properties and has been used to successfully treat health problems for centuries. Reference source http: / / www.larryrmiller.com On the included websites they all state, in one form or other. "Long-term control of spotted knapweed is not pos- sible with a single treatment (chemicals) because of the fact that the seeds remain viable in the soil for at least seven to ten years (the soil seed bank). Therefore, treatment pro- grams must be continued un- til seed reserves in the soil are exhausted. "Above from Mon- tana Dept. of Ag. Montana Dept. of Ag and other MT state sites, http: / / ag.montana.edu / warc/ re- search / biocontrol /knapweed control.htm "Biological weed control is environmentally safe, selec- tive, and very economical. Eight natural enemies, all native to Eurasia, have been introduced into Montana for control of spotte'd and diffuse knapweed. " Idaho Dept. of Ag. http: / /www.idahoag.us / Categories/PlantsInsects / Noxious Weeds/Bio_Control_ Spotted_Knapweed.php Colorado http:/ /www. colorado.gov / cs / Satellite / Agriculture-Main / CDA G / 1215504131001 "The root boring weevil Cyphocleonus achates weak- ens plants by destroying the root system. This large wee- vil has been effective against both diffuse and spotted knap- weed..." Washington State: http: / / aenews.wsu.edu / JuneO2AE News/Knap weed/Knap weed.pdf "Herbicides can control diffuse knapweed short-term, but successful long-term man- agement cannot rely upon re- peated chemical applica- tions... " "Larinus minutus is a highly effective biological con- trol agent. It is unequivocally the most destructive of all the insects released against knap- weed in North America thus far. It readily survives in most weed population within three to five years after being re- leased. " California Dept. of Food andAg, http: / /www.cdfa.ca. gov /plant / ipc / b iocontrol / 84weedgroj-summ. htm "Efforts are underway to establish several insects in an attempt to reduce reproduc- tion of spotted knapweed... All spotted knapweed outside this area is eradicated, thus con- taining the spread of this weed. To date, five biological control agents...(scientific names deleted) have become established." Oregon State Extension Service. http:/ /extension. oregonstate.edu / catalog / pdf /ec /ec 1559.pdf Biological control "Several biological control agents such as weevils and flies are being introduced for knapweed management. Larinus minutus (lesser knapweed flower weevil) is effective in reducing the pro- duction of new diffuse and spotted knapweed seeds by attacking the flowers. This insect is providing excellent control .... the (best) result is slow control, not immediate eradication." Insect populations fluctu- ate with the amount of knap- weed. Most insects attack knapweed only and have no impact on other plants. Here's a website with lots of information, http:// dnr.state.il.us / Stewardship / cd / b iocontrol /13Knap weed.html While we're on bugs: I have quite a few very healthy squash plants, and not a squash bug in sight. No aphids or flea beetles either. The reason? Dill is inter- planted with the squash plants. And, dill has many, many health benefits for hu- mans, including prevention and treatment of cancer and cardiovascular disease. Infor- mation at wwuv.larryR miller.com. Larry Miller Halfway, Oregon (Editor's note: Many avail- able sources, from educa- tional institutions to state and federal government agencies, offer information about the toxicity or lack of toxicity of chemicals produced by spot- ted knapweed to plants grow- ing nearby. Readers are en- couraged to consult sources they feel are reliable and draw their own conclusions.) Vacation Bible School Friday & Saturday, August 17 & 18, 10An to Noon Hells Canyon Journal 145 North Main St. P.O. Box 646 Halfway, OR 97834 Phone: 541-742-7900 Fax: 541-742-7933 email: hcj@pinetel.com Editor and Publisher - Steve Backstrom Staff: Julie Bishop, Linda Collier, Cindy Thayer, Anna Richardson, Hayley Sanders Correspondents: Linda Bergeron, John Garrigus, Sherrie Kvamme, Deb Lowe and Sybyl Smith Hells Canyon Journal (USPS 002-953) is published weekly by Hells Canyon Publishing, Inc. 145 North Main Street Halfway, Oregon. Annual subscriptions are $30.00 (Baker County) or $40.00 (other areas). Periodicals postage paid at Halfway, Oregon. Postmaster: Send address changes to Hells Canyon Journal, PC) Box 646 Halfway, OR 97834-0646. Member of the Oregon Newspaper Publishers Association Summer Scheclule! ,. /Three Showings Daily! tl00lUm TIIflT00 1809 Firsf S'reef - Baker Ci}y 523,2522 www.elfrym.com It! 11 D 11 b'-,]l i F,4"'.{,  *PARANORIHAH Frlllal- lllllrSdall (10) 710 9:50 Eslra Igallilee Smrllag & Selalall 0.'!0) *THE BOURHE LE6nC l AaCross, anewhero, expeeneslle-or.deab staes at have been bced by prev events, Ffllall- tarmiu (00) 7:.00 O: Ealra Mallnee Salurdag & SHHII O:OO) TOTAL RECALL [] A factory worker begins to suspect that he is a spy, and finds himself on the run. Frl E Sll 9:40 SaD (1:05) (05) 7:65 9:ilO Blaall - Tarsda| (4:05) 7:.05 II:qil I 'NO GHTWADTUESDAY,, ()BARGAIN MATINEE Welcome back to school! We are excited to start the 2012-2013 school year. Classes begin Monday, Au- gust 27th at 8:00 a.m. Break- fast will be served daily from 7:30 to 7:50 am. Registration for new students, Pre-Kin- dergarten through 12th grade, will be available Wednesday, August 29th, from 10:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. This year there will be several new classes added to the schedule. At the high school level, Mr. Tubbs will teach and organize an In- dustrial Automation and Control Systems Technology class. At the 7th-9th grade level, Mr. deCastro will courses are designed to present the students with project-based learning op- portunities by introducing them to Engineering, Tech- nology Design and Robot- ics. This school year, the aca- demic focus will be on imple- menting the Oregon adopted Common Core State Stan- dards (CCSS) in Math and Writing. Staff members have been working on the alignment and integration of the CCSS standards for over a year. Some changes will be made in class sched- uling at the elementary and high school levels to address the specifics of the CCSS. tion of the Oregon diploma requirements, opportunities for students to receive addi- tional help will be available. Student and parent infor- mational meetings will be held to ensure that all stake- holders are aware of the di-. ploma requirements. Thank you all so much for your ongoing support of the students, staff and pro- grams at Pine Eagle Char- ter School. With all of us working together, this year will be a great success. Cammie deCastro Principal Pine Eagle Charter School A New Energy Source: Major Advance Made in Generating Electricity from Wastewater Engineers at Oregon State University have made a breakthrough in the perfor- mance of microbial fuel cells that can produce electricity directly from wastewater, opening the door to a future in which waste treatment plants not only will power themselves, but will sell ex- cess electricity. The new technology devel- oped at OSU can now pro- duce 10 to 50 more times the electricity, per volume, than most ot.her approaches using microbial fuel cells, and 100 times more electricity than some. Researchers say this could eventually change the way that wastewater is treated all over the world, replacing the widely used "activated sludge" process that has been in use for almost a century. The new approach would pro- duce significant amounts of electricity while effectively cleaning the wastewater. The findings have just been published in Energy and En- vironmental Science, a pro- fessional journal, in work funded by the National Sci- ence Foundation. "If this technology works on a commercial scale the way we believe it will, the treat- ment of wastewater could b a huge energy producer, not a huge energy cost," said Hong Liu, an associate pro- fessor in the OSU Depart- ment of Biological and Eco- logical Engineering. "This could have an impact around the world, save a great deal of money, provide better wa- ter treatment and promote energy sustainability." Experts estimate that about three percent of the electrical energy consumed in the United States and other developed countries is used to treat wastewater, and a majority of that electricity is produced by fossil fuels that contribute to global warming. But the biodegradable characteristics of wastewa- ter, if tapped to their full po- tential, could theoretically provide many times the en- ergy that is now being used to process them, with no addi- tional greenhouse emissions. OSU researchers reported several years ago on the promise of this technology, but at that time the systems in use produced far less elec- trical power. With new con- cepts - reduced anode-cath- ode spacing, evolved microbes and new separator materials - the technology can now pro- duce more than two kilowatts per cubic meter of liquid re- actor volume. This amount of power density far exceeds anything else done with mi- crobial fuel cells. The system also works bet- ter than an alternative ap- proach to creating electricity from wastewater, one based on anaerobic digestion that produces methane. It treats the wastewater more effec- tively, and doesn't have any of the environmental draw- backs of that technology, such as production of unwanted hydrogen sulfide or possible release of methane, a potent greenhouse gas. The OSU system has now been proven at a substantial scale in the laboratory, Liu said, and the next step would be a pilot study. Funding is now being sought for such a test. A good candidate, she said, might initially be a food processing plant, which is a contained system that pro- duces a steady supply of cer- tain types ofwastewater that would provide significant amounts of electricity. Continued research should also find even more optimal use of necessary microbes, reduced material costs and improved function of the tech- nology at commercial scales, OSU scientists said. Once advances are made to reduce high initial costs, researchers estimate the capital construction costs of this new technology should be comparable to that of the activated sludge systems now in widespread use today - and even less expensive when future sales of excess elec- tricity are factored in. This technology cleans sewage by a very different approach than the aerobic bacteria used in the past. Bacteria oxidize the organic matter and, in the process, produce electrons that run from the anode to the cath- ode within the fuel cell, cre- ating an electrical current. Almost any type of organic waste material can be used to produce electricity - not only wastewater, but also grass straw, animal waste, and byproducts from such operations as the wine, beer or dairy industries. The approach may also have special value in devel- oping nations, where access to electricity is limited and sewage treatment at remote sites is difficult or impossible as a result. The ability of microbes to produce electricity has been known for decades, but only recently have technological advances made their produc- tion of electricity high enough to be of commercial use. OLD,TIME THRESHING DEMO i! ::;!  :; i Brisk Farm 45634 Lone Fir Road, Halfway All are welcome to come and participate or just watch! Shop Equipment: Portable sawmill, welders, generator, extensive tools, heavy equipment, Husqvarna chainsaw... Vehicles: '94 Dodge V10 4x4, '52 Willys Jeep, 24' Bud- built jet boat... Antiques: Duncan Phyfe drop-leaf table, Duncan Phyfe round end table, Depression, Carnival, & Fenton glassware, Philco radio, Singer treadle sewing machine... Furniture: Round oak table, oak chairs, oak rocker, china hutch, rocker/recliners, 42" Panasonic flat-screen TV... Kitchen: canning supplies, small appliances, 27" chest freezer, refrigerator/freezer... This is just a small sample of what is available. For more items and information, go to www.bakerauction,com/larue Sale Terms: Cash or bankable check sale day. No Buyer's Premium. Baker City Murder Case Featured on TV A 1986 Baker City murder case will be used as the basis of an episode of Investigation on Discovery Channel's new series, "Who the (Bleep) Did I Marry?" The episode is based on the real-life case of Jerry Joe Wilson, 27, of Baker, who was convicted of the murder of Beth Williams, 37, of Boardman. Williams was the advertising manager of a weekly paper and was visit- ing Baker for the weekend with her son. Wilson was a Baker resident employed as a truck driver. Williams was last seen leaving Cattle Kate's tavern with Wilson at 2:30 a.m. on Saturday, March 22, 1986. Wilson was arrested five days later, confessed and was sentenced to life in prison. The Baker County Library was instrumental in helping the crew research the story using their archives. Filming for the show was done in Baker County, although the story has been somewhat al- tered and the name of Beth Williams has been changed to Robin Faulk. The episode, titled "One Night Affair," pre- mieres August 15 on Investi- gation Discovery Channel.